1-8 Chapter 1 Introducing Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Lesson 2: Installation and Configuration of Windows Server 2003 and Active Directory
The 70-290 examination focuses on the management and maintenance of a Windows Server 2003 environment. The objectives of the exam focus very little attention on Active Directory itself; some of the objectives, however, relate to the administration of Active Directory objects: users, groups, computers, printers, and shared folders in particular. The chapters that follow will explain the examination objectives in detail, and hands-on exercises will be an important component of your learning experience. Those exercises require you to have configured a domain controller running Windows Server 2003. If you are comfortable configuring a domain controller and creating basic user, group, and computer accounts, you can skip this lesson. If you are less familiar with Active Directory, this lesson will provide sufficient foundation for you to embark on a full exploration of Windows Server 2003. After this lesson, you will be able to ■ Install Windows Server 2003 ■ Identify the key structures and concepts of Active Directory ■ Create a domain controller ■ Create Active Directory objects including users, groups, and organizational units (OUs) Estimated lesson time: 60 minutes
Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003
As an experienced IT professional, you have no doubt spent considerable time installing Windows platforms. Some of the important and enhanced considerations when installing Windows Server 2003 are
■ Bootable CD-ROM installation Most administrators first became accustomed to installing an operating system by booting from the CD-ROM in the late 1990s. Windows Server 2003 continues the trend, and can be installed directly from the CD-ROM. But Windows Server 2003 adds a twist: there is no support for starting installation from floppy disks.
■ Improved graphical user interface (GUI) during setup Windows Server 2003 uses a GUI during setup that resembles that of Windows XP. It communicates more clearly the current state of the installation and the amount of time required to complete installation.
■ Product activation Retail and evaluation versions of Windows Server 2003 require that you activate the product. Volume licensing programs, such as Open License, Select License, or Enterprise Agreement, do not require activation.
The specific steps required to install Windows Server 2003 are outlined in Exercise 1.
Lesson 2 Installation and Configuration of Windows Server 2003 and Active Directory 1-9 After installing and activating Windows, you can configure the server using a well-thought-out Manage Your Server page, as shown in Figure 1-1, that launches automatically at logon. The page facilitates the installation of specific services, tools, and configurations based on server roles. Click Add Or Remove A Role and the Configure Your Server Wizard appears. Figure 1-1 The Manage Your Server page If you select Typical Configuration For A First Server, the Configure Your Server Wizard promotes the server to a domain controller in a new domain, installs Active Directory services, and, if needed, Domain Name Service (DNS), Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), and Routing And Remote Access (RRAS) service.
If you select Custom Configuration, the Configure Your Server Wizard can configure the following roles:
■ File Server Provides convenient, centralized access to files and directories for individual users, departments, and entire organizations. Choosing this option allows you to manage user disk space by enabling and configuring disk quota management and to provide improved file system search performance by enabling the Indexing service.
■ Print Server Provides centralized and managed access to printing devices by serving shared printers and printer drivers to client computers. Choosing this option starts the Add Printer Wizard to install printers and their associated Windows printer drivers. It also installs Internet Information Services (IIS 6.0) and configures Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) and installs the Web-based printer administration tools.
1-10 Chapter 1 Introducing Microsoft Windows Server 2003 ■ Application Server (IIS, ASP.NET) Provides infrastructure components required to support the hosting of Web applications. This role installs and configures IIS 6.0 as well as ASP.NET and COM+.
■ Mail Server (POP3, SMTP) Installs POP3 and SMTP so that the server can act as an e-mail server for POP3 clients.
■ Terminal Server Provides applications and server resources, such as printers and storage, to multiple users as if those applications and resources were installed on their own computers. Users connect with the Terminal Services or Remote Desktop clients. Unlike Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003 provides Remote Desktop for Administration automatically. Terminal Server roles are required only when hosting applications for users on a terminal server.
■ Remote Access/VPN Server Provides multiple-protocol routing and remote access services for dial-in, local area networks (LANs) and wide area networks (WANs). Virtual private network (VPN) connections allow remote sites and users to connect securely to the network using standard Internet connections.
■ Domain Controller (Active Directory) Provides directory services to clients in the network. This option configures a domain controller for a new or existing domain and installs DNS. Choosing this option runs the Active Directory Installation Wizard.
■ DNS Server Provides host name resolution by translating host names to IP addresses (forward lookups) and IP addresses to host names (reverse lookups). Choosing this option installs the DNS service, and then starts the Configure A DNS Server Wizard.
■ DHCP Server Provides automatic IP addressing services to clients configured to use dynamic IP addressing. Choosing this option installs DHCP services and then starts the New Scope Wizard to define one or more IP address scopes in the network.
■ Streaming Media Server Provides Windows Media Services (WMS). WMS enables the server to stream multimedia content over an intranet or the Internet. Content can be stored and delivered on demand or delivered in real time. Choosing this option installs WMS.
■ WINS Server Provides computer name resolution by translating NetBIOS names to IP addresses. It is not necessary to install Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) unless you are supporting legacy operating systems, such as Windows 95 or Windows NT. Operating systems such as Windows 2000 and Windows XP do not require WINS, although legacy applications on those platforms may very well require NetBIOS name resolution. Choosing this option installs WINS.
Lesson 2 Installation and Configuration of Windows Server 2003 and Active Directory 1-11 To complete the hands-on exercises in this book, you will configure a computer as Server01, acting as a domain controller in the domain contoso.com. The steps for con-figuring the server as a domain controller using the Configure Your Server Wizard are listed in Exercise 2 at the end of this lesson.
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