Lesson 3 Advanced Backup and Restore 7-33 Practice: Advanced Backup and Restore
In this practice, you will schedule a backup job, execute a backup from a command prompt, and configure and use Shadow Copies of Shared Folders.
Exercise 1: Schedule a Backup Job
- 1. Open the Backup Utility and click the Backup tab.
- 2. From the Job menu, load the Finance Backup selections.
- 3. Configure the Backup Media Or File Name: C:\Backup-Everyday.bkf.
- 4. Click Start Backup.
- 5. Click Advanced and configure an Incremental backup type. Click OK.
- 6. Click Schedule.
- 7. In the Set Account Information dialog box, type your password and click OK.
- 8. Name the job Daily Incremental Backup.
- 9. Click Properties. Configure the job to run daily. Configure the time to be two min-utes from the current time so that you can see the results of the job.
- 10. Complete configuration of the scheduled job. You will be prompted to enter your password again.
- 11. Close the Backup Utility.
- 12. Open the C drive in Windows Explorer and wait two minutes. You will see the backup job appear.
- 13. Open the Backup Utility, choose the Report command from the Tools menu and view the most recent backup log to confirm the status of the backup job. The num-ber of files copied may be zero if you have not made changes to any of the files.
- 14. If the job did not run properly, open Event Viewer from the Administrative Tools folder. Examine the Application Log to identify the cause of the failure.
Exercise 2: Run a Backup from a Command Prompt
One of the easier ways to determine the correct switches to use for a command prompt backup is to schedule a backup, as you did in Exercise 1, and then examine the com-mand that the scheduled task creates.
- 1. Open the Backup Utility and click the Schedule Jobs tab.
- 2. Click the icon, in the calendar, representing the scheduled job.
- 3. Click Properties.
- 4. Select the command in the Run box and press Ctrl+C to copy it.
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- 5. Cancel to exit the Schedule Jobs dialog box and close the Backup Utility.
- 6. Open the command prompt.
- 7. Click the window menu (the icon of the command prompt in the upper-left corner of the command prompt window) and, from the Edit menu, choose Paste. The Ntbackup command with all of its switches is pasted into the command prompt. Press Enter. The backup job is executed.
Note It is recommended that you delete the scheduled backup job at this point in the Practice. You will schedule additional jobs in the Case Scenario, and it will be easier to work with those jobs if the current schedule is clear. In the Backup Utility, click the Schedule Jobs tab, then, in the calendar, click the icon representing the scheduled job. Click Delete.
Exercise 3: Enable Shadow Copies
- 1. Ensure that the C:\Data folder is shared and that the share permissions are config-ured to allow Everyone Full Control.
- 2. Open My Computer.
- 3. Right-click the C drive and choose Properties.
- 4. Click the Shadow Copies tab.
- 5. Select the C volume and click Enable.
- 6. A message will appear. Click Yes to continue.
Exercise 4: Simulate Changes to Network Files
- 1. Open the C:\Data\Finance folder and open Current.txt. Modify the file’s contents, then save and close the file.
- 2. Delete the file C:\Data\Finance\Projections.txt.
Exercise 5: Recover Files Using Previous Versions
- 1. Open the data share by clicking Start, choosing Run, and then typing \\server01\data.
Note It is critical that you open the folder using its UNC, not its local path. The Previous Versions tab is only available when connected to a shared folder over the network.
- 2. Open the Finance folder.
- 3. Right-click the Current.txt file and choose Properties.
Lesson 3 Advanced Backup and Restore 7-35
- 4. Select the Previous Versions tab.
- 5. Select the previous version of Current.txt.
- 6. Click Copy, select the Desktop as the destination, and then click Copy again.
- 7. Click OK to close the Properties dialog box.
- 8. Open Current.txt from your desktop. You will see that it is the version without the changes you made in Exercise 4.
- 9. Return to \\Server01\Data. This time, do not open the Finance folder.
- 10. To recover the deleted Projections.txt file, right-click the Finance folder and click Properties.
- 11. Select the Previous Versions tab.
- 12. Select the previous version of the Finance folder and click View.
A window opens showing the contents of the folder as of the time that the shadow copy was made.
- 13. Right-click the Projections.txt file and choose Copy.
- 14. Switch to the folder that shows you the current \\server01\data folder.
- 15. Open the Finance folder.
- 16. Paste the Projections.txt file into the folder. You have now restored the previous version of Projections.txt.
The following questions are intended to reinforce key information presented in this lesson. If you are unable to answer a question, review the lesson materials and try the question again. You can find answers to the questions in the "Questions and Answers" section at the end of this chapter.
- 1. Scott Bishop is a power user at a remote site that includes 20 users. The site has a Windows Server 2003 system providing file and print servers. There is a tape drive installed on the system. Because there is no local, full-time administrator at the site, you want to allow Scott to back up and restore the server. However, you want to minimize the power and the privileges that Scott obtains, limiting his capabilities strictly to backup and restore. What is the best practice to provide Scott the mini-mum necessary credentials to achieve his task?
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- 2. Write the command that will allow you to fully back up the C:\Data\Finance folder to a file called Backup.bkf in a share called Backup on Server02, with the backup job name "Backup of Finance Folder." Then, write the command that will allow you to perform an incremental backup and append the backup set to the same file, with the same backup job name.
- 3. A user has deleted a file in a shared folder on a server. The user opens the prop-erties of the folder and does not see a Previous Versions tab. Which of the follow-ing may be true? (Choose all that apply.)
- a. The folder is not enabled for Shadow Copy.
- b. The volume on the server is not enabled for Shadow Copy.
- c. The user doesn’t have permission to view the Shadow Copy cache.
- d. The Shadow Copy client is not installed on the user’s machine.
- e. The folder is on a FAT volume.
■ You must have the right to backup and restore files to use the Backup Utility or any other backup tool. The right is assigned, by default, to the Backup Operators and Administrators groups.
■ The Options dialog box allows you to configure General, Backup, and Restore set-tings, many of which become defaults that will drive the behavior of the Backup Utility and the Ntbackup command, unless overridden by job-specific options specified in the backup job’s Advanced Backup Options dialog box, or in com-mand-line switches.
■ The Ntbackup command and its full complement of switches allows you to launch a backup job from a command prompt or batch file.
■ Backup jobs can be scheduled to run regularly and automatically during periods of low utilization.
■ Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) allows a user to access previous versions of files and folders in network shares. With those previous versions, users can restore deleted or damaged files or compare versions of files.
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